Radiation

Radiation consists of several types of subatomic particles, principally those called gamma rays, neutrons, electrons and alpha particles that shoot through space at very high speeds, something like 100,000 miles per second.

What Is Radiation???

At present, we are surrounded by countless machines, electronics and electrical networks which are mainly responsible for producing different types of Radiation. Such radiation can easily penetrate deep inside the human body, damaging the biological cells of which the body is composed. This damage can cause a fatal cancer to develop or if it occurs in reproductive cells, it can cause genetic defects in later generations of offspring. Hence, the consequences of radiation seem to be very grave, and for a person to be struck by a particle of radiation is considerably serious.

Types Of Radiation

Radiation having a wide range of energies form the electromagnetic spectrum, which is illustrated below. The spectrum has two major divisions:

Ionizing Radiation

Definition
Low to mid-frequency radiation which is generally perceived as harmless due to its lack of potency.

Forms of Radiation

  • Extremely Low Frequency (ELF)
  • Radio Frequency (RF)
  • Microwaves
  • Visual Light

Source Examples

  • Microwave ovens
  • Computers
  • House energy smart meters
  • Wireless (wifi) networks
  • Cell Phones
  • Bluetooth devices
  • Power lines MRIs

Higher frequency ultraviolet radiation begins to have enough energy to break chemical bonds. X-ray and gamma ray radiation, which are at the upper end of magnetic radiation have the very high frequency in the range of 100 billion Hertz and very short wavelengths 1 million millionth of a meter. Radiation in this range has extremely high energy. It has enough energy to strip off electrons or, in the case of very high-energy radiation, break up the nucleus of atoms.

Non-ionizing Radiation

Definition
Mid to high-frequency radiation which can, under certain circumstances, lead to cellular and or DNA damage with prolonged exposure.

Forms of Radiation

  • Ultraviolet (UV)
  • X-Rays.
  • Gamma

Source Examples

  • Ultraviolet light
  • X-Rays ranging from 30 1016 Hz to 30 * 1019 Hz
  • Some gamma rays

We take advantage of the properties of non-ionizing radiation for common tasks:

  • Microwave radiation telecommunications and heating food
  • Infrared radiation infrared lamps to keep food warm in restaurants
  • Radio waves broadcasting

Non-ionizing radiation ranges from extremely low-frequency radiation, shown on the far left through the audible, microwave, and visible portions of the spectrum into the ultraviolet range.

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